1. What is disaggregation of the audience?

When audience are engaging

2. Why has journalism’s credibility declined since the 1990s? 

Because of the rise of the Internet and the lunch of where anybody can write anything.

3. How do journalists use the Internet?

Journalists use Internet to read news, searching for news sources and story idea. They use social networking, Micro-blogging and Blogging. They also watch webinars, webcasts and YouTube. Exploring Wikis, Producing, listening to podcasts and social bookmarking.

4. What is transparency as it relates to the profession of journalism, as a way of rebuilding trust with readers?

It’s when the journalists are being clear and honest with the reads and by this we the can gain their trust.

5. When anthropologists observed primitive cultures, how did such cultures define news and what qualities did they look for in messengers?

All the different cultures shared the same definition of what is news is, they have need to know what’s going on it gives them confident and a sense of security and control. They look for the same qualities in messengers; they want them fast, clear and accurate.

6. Though you may not subscribe to a newspaper or consistently watch the news on television, do you feel generally aware of what’s going on beyond your direct experience? Are you the first or the last to know important things? Do you have “a hunger for awareness”? When meeting a friend, do you share information, such as “have you heard about…?”

I do not subscribe to newspapers and I do not watch new on television but I feel generally aware of what’s going on when I hear one of my family member or one of my friends is talking about something that happened. So am the last to knew news because am not hunger for new and when I meet a friend I don’t talk about what’s going on, unless it very important even and everybody is talking about.

7. Why do we need “the news”? To “protect ourselves, bond with each other, identify friends and enemies,” the authors write. They quote author Thomas Cahill, who said you can tell “the worldview of a people…the invisible fears and desires…in a culture’s stories.” Why do you need “the news,” if you do? What stories do you tell yourselves?

I need news because am living in this world and I need to know what is going on it, and because am living with people and I need to know what is going on with them. I do not tell myself stories, I just hear what people are saying and I read books.

8. What are the 10 elements of journalism?

1. Journalism’ first obligation is to the truth.

2. Its first loyalty is to citizens.

3. Its essence is a discipline of verification.

4. Its practitioners must maintain an independence from those they cover.

5. It must serve as an independent monitor of power.

6. It must provide a forum for public criticism and compromise.

7. It must strive to make the significant interesting and relevant.

8. It must keep the news comprehensive and in proportion.

9. Its practitioners have an obligation to exercise their personal conscience.

10. Citizens, too, have rights and responsibilities when it comes to the news.

9. Without independently reported news, what will replace it? a) rumor; b) self-interested commercialism or infotainment, according to the authors. Can you think of examples of this in your own life?

When there is no news about an event people start to create rumor to satisfy there hunger for information and some time they create stuff for their selves interested. For example they dose know exactly what is going on with the airplane that disappear but they create rumors to satisfy they crusty.


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